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Market Focus: US Jobs Report to Shape Currency Markets


What happened in the market last week?

  • France’s May flash services PMI came in at 52.8, lower than the expected 54.0, while the manufacturing PMI was 46.1, slightly higher than the expected 46.0. Germany’s May flash manufacturing PMI was 42.9, below the expected 45.0, while the services PMI was 57.8, surpassing the expected 55.3.
  • The UK’s May flash services PMI was 55.1, slightly lower than the expected 55.5, and the manufacturing PMI was 46.9, below the expected 48.0. US manufacturing PMI flash for May was 48.5, lower than the expected 50, while the services PMI was 55.1, exceeding the estimated 52.6.
  • The RBNZ increased interest rates by 25bps to 5.5%, ending its most aggressive hiking cycle since 1999. Contrary to analyst expectations, the central bank didn’t project more rate hikes and held the official cash rate steady, causing the New Zealand dollar to drop.
  • Fed meeting minutes revealed officials’ diminished confidence in further rate hikes, due to concerns about inflation, economic risks, and post-pandemic recovery uncertainties.
  • Nvidia and tech stocks thrived, fuelled by AI excitement, as their strong performance was linked to increasing enthusiasm for AI technology.
  • US debt-ceiling talks continued without a Wednesday agreement, but progress was made between parties, said GOP House Speaker Kevin McCarthy. US default fears boosted the dollar, while Fitch Ratings warned of a negative watch on US “AAA” debt ratings.
  • Last week’s unemployment claims increased by 229K, below the expected 245K, signifying a strong labour market per US Bureau of Labor Statistics data. US Q1 GDP growth was revised up to 1.3% from 1.1%, while core PCE inflation rose to 4.7%, slightly above the predicted 4.6%.
Weekly %  change in the market last week

Source: VT Markets MT4

Last Week Market Pair Changes

(All data is taken from the MT4 VT Markets)

The US Dollar (DXY) strengthened on higher interest rate expectations, but debt ceiling concerns weighed on market sentiment, boosting demand for safe-haven assets.

  • Gold (XAU/USD) decreased by 1.57%.
  • EURUSD and GBPUSD both showed a decrease of 0.73%.
  • The DJ30 index declined by 0.62%.
  • USOUSD witnessed an increase of 1.33%.
  • USDJPY had the highest increase among the given data, with a rise of 1.91%.
  • The NAS100 index rose 4.20%, driven by Nvidia and tech stocks’ success amid AI excitement.
Market Focus for this week, with key economic indicator such as the US Jobs Report.

Source: VT Markets Economic Calendar

What to focus on this week?

This week’s key economic indicators, including the US Jobs Report and Canada’s Gross Domestic Product, are in the spotlight for the financial sector. These fundamental reports are crucial for traders to navigate the markets and make informed decisions. Stay tuned for the latest updates.

Australia Consumer Price Index (31 May)

The monthly CPI in Australia increased 6.3% in the year to March 2023, slowing from a 6.8% rise in the year to February 2023.

The data for April 2023 will be released on 31 May, with analysts expecting a further slowdown, dropping to 6%. 

Takeaway: Markets will closely monitor inflation data like CPI to gauge future market trends and central bank decisions. Australia’s CPI is expected to slow, potentially causing a temporary dip in AUD/USD upon release.

Canada Gross Domestic Product (31 May)

The Canadian economic activity in February edged up by 0.1%, following a 0.6% expansion in January.

For March 2023 data, set to be released on 31 May, analysts expect a 0.1% decline. 

Takeaway: A projected 0.1% drop in Canada’s GDP hints at a slight rise in USD/CAD, particularly with the US Dollar’s potential strength this week.

US JOLTS Job Openings (31 May)

The number of job openings in the US dropped by 384,000 to 9.6 million in March 2023, the lowest level since April 2021.

Data for April 2023 will be released on 31 May, with analysts expecting another drop to 9.2 million.

Takeaways: With the Federal Reserve’s rate decision looming after recent hawkish data, the focus shifts to this week’s US Jobs report. Markets may scrutinise JOLTS Job Openings as an indicator for Friday’s US Non-Farm Employment Change release.

US ADP Non-Farm Employment Change (1 June)

Private businesses in the US created 296,000 jobs in April 2023, a significant increase compared to the downwardly revised figure of 142,000 in March 2023.

May 2023 data will be released on 1 June, with analysts anticipating a job creation figure of around 200,000.

Takeaway: Awaiting the Federal Reserve’s rate decision after recent hawkish data, attention shifts to this week’s US Jobs report. Markets may closely observe ADP Non-Farm Employment Change as an indicator for Friday’s US Non-Farm Employment Change release.

US ISM Manufacturing PMI (1 June)

The ISM Manufacturing PMI in the US rose to 47.1 in April 2023, up from a three-year low of 46.3 in the previous month.

Analysts predict that the index for May 2023, scheduled for release on 1 June, will be at 48.

Takeaway: After the lower US Flash Manufacturing PMI release, attention could shift to the ISM Manufacturing PMI. Should the data fall short of expectations, a weaker US Dollar may be expected. Conversely, with higher anticipated numbers, a stronger US Dollar is probable.

US Jobs Report (2 June)

The US Non-Farm Employment Change unexpectedly increased by 253,000 jobs in April 2023, outperforming the expected 180,000 and coming after a downwardly revised 165,000 in March. Concurrently, the unemployment rate in April 2023 dropped to 3.4%, matching a 50-year low previously seen in January.

For May 2023 data, scheduled for release on 2 June, analysts anticipate that Non-Farm Employment will see an addition of 180,000 jobs, with the unemployment rate projected at 3.5%.

Takeaway: Markets will closely watch May’s US Jobs report, focusing on Non-Farm Employment Change and Unemployment rate, as the Fed may keep interest rates steady. Recent strong economic data could spark further Fed discussions.