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Stock Market Soars on CPI Report: Tech Surges, Banks Rally, and Dollar Dips


Make informed decisions with the most up-to-date and reliable financial data, exclusively provided by vtmarkets.com.

The stock market witnessed a robust surge buoyed by an optimistic response to the latest US inflation report. Major indices like the Dow Jones, S&P 500, and Nasdaq rallied significantly, with tech stocks, in particular, hitting record highs. The lower-than-expected CPI figures fueled hopes of a sooner-than-anticipated end to the Federal Reserve’s rate hikes, leading to drops in the dollar and favorable movements in various asset classes, including stocks and precious metals. The market’s reaction also triggered shifts in rate expectations, influencing currency pairs like EUR/USD, USD/JPY, and GBP/USD, while highlighting divergent rate trajectories between different central banks by December 2024.

Stock Market Updates

The stock market experienced a robust rally fueled by optimistic sentiments following a favorable U.S. inflation report. The Dow Jones Industrial Average surged by 489.83 points, marking a 1.43% increase, while the S&P 500 rallied by 1.91%, briefly crossing the significant 4,500 threshold. This surge, the most substantial since April for the broad-market index, was met with the Nasdaq Composite jumping by 2.37% to close at 14,094.38. These gains contributed to an already impressive month for stocks, with the S&P 500 and Dow marking increases of 7.2% and 5.4%, respectively, in November, while the Nasdaq soared by 9.7%, on track for its most significant monthly gain since January.

The market’s upbeat response was primarily driven by the latest Consumer Price Index (CPI) figures, which indicated a stagnant inflation rate, contrary to expectations of a slight increase. This lower-than-anticipated core CPI, stripping out food and energy prices, presented the slowest rise in two years. This development buoyed hopes that the Federal Reserve might conclude its rate-hiking campaign sooner than anticipated. As a result, fed-funds futures pricing suggested a likelihood of steady rates at the next Fed policy meeting, fostering a market environment that saw the 10-year Treasury yield drop below 4.5%. Technology stocks surged notably, with the Technology Select Sector SPDR Fund hitting a record high, and specific companies like Tesla experiencing gains of more than 6%. Additionally, sectors sensitive to rate hikes, like banks, including Bank of America and Wells Fargo, witnessed substantial jumps amid hopes that the economy could avoid a recession. Among individual stock performances, Home Depot’s impressive 5% surge based on better-than-expected third-quarter earnings led the Dow’s gains, while companies like Enphase Energy, Boston Properties, and SolarEdge Technologies each climbed over 10%, contributing to the S&P’s upward trajectory.

Data by Bloomberg

On Tuesday, the overall market saw a strong upswing with a notable gain of 1.91%. Real Estate emerged as the top-performing sector, soaring at 5.32%, followed by the Utilities and Consumer Discretionary sectors, which rose by 3.94% and 3.32%, respectively. Materials and Industrials also showed significant increases of 2.91% and 2.04%. Meanwhile, Financials and Information Technology experienced moderate gains of 1.94% and 1.92%. Communication Services followed suit with a rise of 1.42%, while Consumer Staples and Health Care showed more modest increases of 0.89% and 0.70%. Energy had the smallest increase at 0.54%, rounding up the day’s performance across sectors.

Currency Market Updates

The US dollar suffered a significant decline following the release of below-expected US CPI data, erasing lingering concerns of a hawkish Fed stance. The soft inflation figures prompted investors to recalibrate their projections for Fed rate cuts, moving the expected timeline to begin around May-June 2024 instead of June-July. Market sentiment now anticipates a substantial 98 basis points of Fed easing by December 2024, a stark shift from the earlier projection of -73 basis points prior to the data release. This adjustment in rate expectations heavily impacted the US yield curve, notably causing drops of 20 basis points in 2-7-year Treasury yields and 17 basis points in 10-year yields. The market reaction favored risk assets, with the S&P 500 surging by 1.9%, gold climbing 0.85% to $1,962, and silver rising by 3.4%.

The fluctuating dollar also influenced major currency pairs, with the EUR/USD gaining 1.6% as the Fed’s rate outlook aligned more closely with the ECB’s lower rate expectations. Conversely, the USD/JPY fell 0.75% as decreased Fed rate projections alleviated pressure from the US-Japan rate spread, impacting the pair’s positioning near its 2022 high. GBP/USD saw a rise of 1.76% to 1.2492, benefitting from compressed rate spreads. Sterling’s upward momentum above key resistance levels signals potential further gains, particularly as attention shifts to the UK CPI data for insights into the Bank of England’s potential actions amid the post-pandemic recovery. Meanwhile, the Australian dollar outpaced the Canadian dollar, bolstered by the RBA’s recent rate hike, while futures markets indicate a divergence in expected rate trajectories between the BoC and the Fed by December 2024.

Economic Data
CurrencyDataTime (GMT + 8)Forecast
GBPCPI y/y15:004.7%
USDCore PPI m/m21:300.3%
USDPPI m/m21:300.1%
USDCore Retail Sales m/m21:30– 0.1%
USDRetail Sales m/m21:30– 0.3%
USDEmpire State Manufacturing Index21:30– 3.3

Make informed decisions with the most up-to-date and reliable financial data, exclusively provided by vtmarkets.com.